Understanding Different Types of Nail Fungus 1

Understanding Different Types of Nail Fungus 2

Nail fungus is a common condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. It occurs when fungi or molds enter the nail bed, causing the nails to become discolored, thickened, and brittle. While nail fungus can be unsightly and discomforting, it is important to remember that it is a treatable condition. In order to effectively treat nail fungus, it is crucial to understand the different types of nail fungus and their respective characteristics. This article explores the various types of nail fungus and provides insights into their causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Dermatophytic Onychomycosis

Dermatophytic onychomycosis, commonly known as tinea unguium, is the most prevalent type of nail fungus. It is caused by dermatophytes, a group of fungi that thrive in warm and moist environments. This type of fungal infection typically affects the toenails, although it can also occur in the fingernails. The symptoms of dermatophytic onychomycosis include yellowing or browning of the nails, thickening of the nails, and crumbling or brittleness.

Treatment options for dermatophytic onychomycosis may include over-the-counter antifungal creams or prescribed oral medications. Additionally, maintaining good foot hygiene and regularly trimming and filing the affected nails can help expedite the healing process.

Candidal Onychomycosis

Candidal onychomycosis is caused by Candida species, a type of yeast that naturally resides on the skin. It typically affects the fingernails, particularly individuals who have frequent exposure to water or have weakened immune systems. Symptoms of candidal onychomycosis include nail discoloration, nail separation from the nail bed, and a foul odor.

Treatment for candidal onychomycosis may involve antifungal medications, topical creams, or antifungal nail lacquers. To prevent the recurrence of this type of nail fungus, it is important to keep the affected nails clean and dry and avoid prolonged exposure to water.

White Superficial Onychomycosis

White superficial onychomycosis is characterized by the formation of chalky, white patches on the surface of the nails. It is caused by various types of fungi, including Trichophyton and Epidermophyton. This type of nail fungus primarily affects the toenails and is often associated with walking barefoot in public areas such as locker rooms or swimming pools.

The treatment for white superficial onychomycosis generally involves scraping away the infected layers of the nails and applying antifungal medications. Regular cleaning and drying of the nails, as well as wearing clean and breathable footwear, can help prevent the recurrence of this type of nail fungus.

Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis

Proximal subungual onychomycosis is a relatively rare type of nail fungus that primarily affects individuals with compromised immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS. It starts at the base of the nail and gradually spreads towards the nail tip. This form of nail fungus often presents with pain, swelling, and redness.

Medical interventions, such as oral or topical antifungal medications, are generally required to treat proximal subungual onychomycosis. Maintaining good hygiene practices, avoiding nail trauma, and managing underlying health conditions are crucial in preventing the recurrence of this type of nail fungus. To further enhance your learning experience, we encourage you to visit the suggested external website. You’ll discover supplementary and essential details about the subject. Fungal nail treatment Birmingham https://www.centrallasernailclinic.co.uk/locations/birmingham-clinic/, broaden your understanding!


Nail fungus is a common condition that can affect individuals of all ages and backgrounds. Understanding the different types of nail fungus is essential in implementing effective treatment methods and preventive measures. From dermatophytic onychomycosis to proximal subungual onychomycosis, each type of nail fungus possesses its own characteristics and requires specific treatment approaches. By seeking early intervention and following proper nail hygiene practices, individuals can overcome nail fungus and maintain healthy nails.

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